The burden of type 2 diabetes in adults will remain high over the next 20 years and may increase if high prevalence of obesity and physical inactivity are not addressed.
By Nicola Leckenby, Epidemiologist
11 May 2016
I joined Datamonitor Healthcare as an Epidemiologist in 2015. Prior to this, I obtained an MSc (with Distinction) in Pub...
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Diabetes is one of the largest global health emergencies of the 21st century
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes mellitus, characterized by hyperglycemia caused by insulin resistance. The worldwide epidemic of type 2 diabetes is most likely to be driven by increased urbanization, lifestyle changes including increased consumption of sugar and sedentary lifestyles, population growth, and aging populations. Common comorbidities include cardiovascular disease, retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy.
Datamonitor Healthcare estimates that in 2015, there were over 58 million total prevalent cases of type 2 diabetes in individuals aged 20 years and over in the US, Japan, and five major EU markets (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the UK). Datamonitor Healthcare expects total prevalent cases to increase in these analyzed markets across the forecast period (2015–35), although the magnitude of change varies across countries. The majority of type 2 diabetes cases are aged over 60 years.
Lifestyle changes and obesity prevalence will continue to drive the type 2 diabetes population
An approximate estimate of the impact of changing risk factor prevalence on type 2 diabetes prevalence can be made using available data on the prevalence of physical inactivity, obesity and hypertension in the seven analyzed countries. Using a combined population attributable fraction approach, Datamonitor Healthcare estimates that if the prevalence of obesity, hypertension and physical inactivity were to increase by a pre-specified amount, there would be an extra 3 million total diabetes prevalent cases in 2015.
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